Accueil English pages Articles written The Contemporary Sufi Heritage of Shaykh Ahmad Ibn Mustafa al-‘Alawī : The Seven Spiritual Stages of the Sufi Path - A comprehensive list of all the written books of Shaykh al-‘Alawī
The Contemporary Sufi Heritage of Shaykh Ahmad Ibn Mustafa al-‘Alawī : The Seven Spiritual Stages of the Sufi Path - A comprehensive list of all the written books of Shaykh al-‘Alawī
English - Articles written
Écrit par Omneya Nabil Muhammad Ayad   
Jeudi, 22 Mai 2014 00:00
Index de l'article
The Contemporary Sufi Heritage of Shaykh Ahmad Ibn Mustafa al-‘Alawī : The Seven Spiritual Stages of the Sufi Path
Chapter 1 : Introduction
Literature Review
Martin Lings'' Work on Shaykh al-‘Alawī
Thesis purpose
Primary Sources
Historical brief on the French Colonialism in Algeria (1830-1900) and the role of the Sufi orders in Algeria
Brief Biography on Shaykh al-‘Alawī
A comprehensive list of all the written books of Shaykh al-‘Alawī
History of the al-‘Alawī Sufi Order
Chapter Two : The Historical Background of the Sufi Spiritual Stages in Major Works
The History of the Development of the Spiritual Stages in Major Sufi Works
1- The Spiritual Stage of Fear and Vigilant Awareness of God (al-Khashya wa-l- Murāqaba):
2- The Spiritual Station of Satisfaction and Submission (al-Riḍa wa-l- Taslīm)
3- The Spiritual Station of Reliance on God (al-tawakkul)
4- The spiritual station of Poverty (al-Faqr):
5- The spiritual station of Sincerity (al-Ikhlās)
6- The Spiritual Station of Love (Hubb)
7- The Spiritual Station of Oneness (al-Tawhīd)
Chapter 3 : The Sufi Spiritual Stages in the Work of Shaykh al-‘Alawī
1- The Spiritual Stage of Fear and Vigilant Awareness of God (al-Khashya wa-l- Murāqaba)
2-The Spiritual Station of Satisfaction and Submission (al-Rida wa-l- Taslīm)
3-The Spiritual Station of Reliance on God (al-tawakkul)
4-The spiritual station of Poverty (al-Faqr)
5-The spiritual station of Sincerity (Ikhlās)
6-The Spiritual Station of Love (Hubb)
7-The Spiritual Station of Oneness (al Tawhīd)
Toutes les pages

A comprehensive list of all the written books of Shaykh al-‘Alawī

Shaykh al-‘Alawī wrote around 34 scholarly books encompassing different fields of Islamic studies and the most significant of his works are the ones on Sufism. In the spirit of introducing Shaykh al-‘Alawī to the non Arabic readership, it would be of use to list all the works of Shaykh al-‘Alawī with a brief account of each of them in order to give the reader a glimpse of his intellectual heft and we will start with the book which will be used as our reference point in this thesis.27

1- Al-Mawād al-Ghaythiyya: This valuable book is composed of a bundle of aphorisms written by Shaykh Shu‘ayb Abu Madyan, who was one of the famous Sufi Gnostics in Tunisia, and the commentaries on them were written by Shaykh al-‘Alawī.28

2- Al-Abhāth al-‘Alawiyya fi-l- Falsafa al-Islāmiyya: this is a philosophical treatise published by Ahbab al-Islam, Paris, printed in Arabic and French in 1984. This book combines a collective research papers that were written at different time periods by Shaykh al-‘Alawī and he made it available for wayfarers to benefit from in proportion to their capacity. These researches sum up his opinions on the truth behind creation and the role of humans in their respective societies. He also pointed out the dire need of societies to have a legal authority to care for people''s affairs. He maintained his long standing position that the civil and positive modern human- made laws and legislations are apt to change and do not replace the significant role of divine legislations which are unchanged and free from personal interests which characterize human made laws.29

3- Risālat al-Nāsir al-Ma‘rūf fi-l- Dhabb ‘an Majd al-Tasawwuf: This treatise was divided into parts and was first published in some editions of al-Balāgh al-Jazāirī journal and was signed by al-Nāsir Ma‘rūf and written by Shaykh al-‘Alawī. Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Hashemī al-Tilmisanī combined all parts together into a book and published it in defense of Sufism.30

4- Nūr al-Ithmid fī Sunnat Wad‘ al-Yad ‘ala-l- Yad fi-l- Ṣalah: This small treatise was written in response to a question that he received from Shaykh Muhammad ibn Khalīfa ibn al-Hajj ‘Umar al-Midanī al-Qusaibī in the coast of Tunisia regarding the issue of the placement of one hand over the other during prayers.31

5- Al-Risāla al-‘Alawiyya fi-l- Aḥkām al-Shar‘iyya: This treatise is composed of around one thousand poetic verses and entails the most important religious rulings in regards to both the creed of monotheism and the rituals and rites found in fasting, pilgrimage, alms giving along with other fundamental issues that are indispensible for Muslims to conduct their lives. He concluded his treatises with a book on Sufism in 132 poetic verses in which he eloquently explained and analyzed the essentials of Sufism.32

6- Manhal al-‘Irfān fī Tafsīr al-Basmalah wa- Suwar min al-Qurān. This book includes three different books all related to the exegesis of the Quran.

7- Al-Unmudhaj al-Farīd al-Mushīr ila-Khālis al-Tawhīd. In this book, the author revealed the hidden gems and secrets lying in the dot of the Arabic letter bā in the very first verse with which all Quranic chapters start except for chapter 9.

8- Lubāb al-‘Ilm fī Surat wa-l- Najm: in this valuable book, Shaykh al-‘Alawī delved into the issue of prophethood and its underlying truth along with the issue of messengership and revelation. He also discussed the reality of the issue of the possibility of seeing God and the angels along with explaining the miraculous prophetic journey from Makkah to Jerusalem and his ascension to heaven. He eloquently deducted some Sufi hermeneutics of these verses.

9- Miftāh ‘Ulūm al-Sir fī Tafsīr Surat wa-l- ‘ASR: in this book, the author expounded on interpreting the chapter of al-‘ASR and unveiled its hidden secrets and distinguished between the different statuses of humans on the scale of spirituality and faith along with the position of the perfect man whose traits are well explained in the Quran.33

10- Mi‘rāj al-Sālikīn wa- Nihāyat al-Wāsilīn: this is a valuable manuscript that was first published after 80 years of being totally unknown. It is one of the earliest writings of Shaykh al- al-‘Alawī in the realm of Sufism. This published book elucidates the text that was written by his mentor Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habīb al-Buzaidī.34

11- Al-Qawl al-Mu‘tamad fī Mashrū‘iyyat al-Dhikr bi-l- Ism al-Mufrad: this treatise was published in the journal of al-Balagh al-Jaza‘rī in its 69th, 70th,71st editions. It was later collected by Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Hashimī al-Tilmisanī and was published for the benefit of wider readership.35

12- A‘dhab al-Manāhil fi-l Ajwibah wa-l- Rasāl: this book was compiled by Shaykh Muhammad al-Ghumārī and it includes 93 questions and answers by Shaykh al-‘Alawī along with 37 letters and a long intimate conversation with God (munājāh). These questions and answers are pertinent to theological and juristic methodological issues along with some Sufi questions on morality and spiritual discipline.36

13- Ḥikmatuhū: These are aphorisms that were written by Shaykh al-‘Alawī and were translated into French. These aphorisms crown all the mystic knowledge that Shaykh al-‘Alawī attained during his long fruitful saintly life.37

14- Al-Minaḥ al-quddusiyya: The Divine Awards is a commentary on a book in prose written by ‘Abd al-Wahid Ibn ‘Ashir al-Fāsī (1582-1631) who was a famous Moroccan Sufi, Jurist and logician and his prose was titled Guide to the Essentials of Religious Knowledge. Although Shaykh al-‘Alawī''s commentary is only one of many, it differs in that it transposes the two lower realms of religion islām and imān into the third higher realm which is ihsān or excellence. Shaykh al-‘Alawī presented a purely mystical interpretation both to the doctrine and the rites.38

15- Maẓhar al-Bayyinat fi-l- Tamhīd bi-l- Muqadimāt. This book includes a rich introductory section composed of twenty five chapters discussing one of the most ultimate questions perplexing the minds which is the necessity of having divine legislations to administer the affairs of human beings. Also in this book Shaykh al-‘Alawī refuted the philosophers'' persistence to use their intellect in the metaphysics where it is naturally beyond the intellectual capacity of the mind to grasp this realm.39

16- Al-Qawl al-Maqbūl fī ma Tawaṣṣal ilayhī al-‘Uqūl: This treatise is the 24th of the treatises that were published in the book A‘dhab al-Manāhil and is composed of three sections which includes essentials of monotheism and faith that are necessary for Muslim adults to be aware of.40

17- Risālat al-Qawl al-Ma‘rūf fī-l- Radd ‘ala man Ankar al-Tasawwuf: This treatise came out as a response to some skeptics who raised their doubts about the authenticity of Sufism and its veracity. So Shaykh al-‘Alawī wrote an eloquent capacious rich response elucidating the significance of Sufism as the core essence and the kernel of Islam.41

18- Miftāḥ al-Shuhūd fī Maẓāhir al-Wujūd: Although this book is pertinent to astrology and the knowledge of the celestial sphere, after close examination of Shaykh Al-‘Alawī''s writings, we find that it addresses the issue of monotheism and how one can find his way to God through the universe.42

19- Mabād al-Tayīd fi Ba‘ḍ ma Yahtāj ilayhī al-Murīd: This book is composed of two parts and the first of which is published. It is pertinent to juristic issues relevant to rituals and rites in Islam. This book is characterized with its simple style and eloquent elucidation of matters of interest to Muslims.43

20- Al-Nūr al-Dāwī fī Hikam wa- Munājā t al-Shaykh Al-‘Alawī: Although this book is small in size yet its value is self evident as it contains intimate conversations of Shaykh Al-‘Alawī with God. The value of these conversations is so overwhelming that it is recommended for the wayfarer to make a litany out of it and read it every Friday and Monday.44

21- Majālis al-Tadhkīr: This book is composed of a series of articles that were published in the Murshid journal pertinent to issues of invocation of God and treading the Sufi path.45

22- Dawhat al-Asrar fi-l- ṣalah ‘ala-l- Nabiyy al-Mukhtār: This book is a valuable contribution unveiling the hidden secrets of the invocation of peace and blessings on Prophet Muhammad.46

23- Minhāj al-Taṣwwuf: The available edition of this book is composed of two poems, the first of which is about Sufism, its meaning and the etiquettes of the wayfarer in dealing with his Sufi mentor. He also mentions the necessary qualities and traits that the Sufi Shaykh must possess to be eligible to become a mentor. The second part of the book is a poem written by Shaykh Ibn ‘Āshir elucidating the principles of Sufism.47

24- Al-Dīwān: This is a collection of poems containing 135 poems that are divided into three sections. The first of which is for Shaykh al-‘Alawī and the second is for Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habib al-Buzaidī al-Mustaghānami and the third is for Shaykh al-Hajj ''Udda ibn Tunis al-Mustaghanami. This collection of poems works as a blueprint for the Sufi path describing the different spiritual stations that the wayfarer traverses in his perennial quest to reach the Divine.48

25-Tanbīh al-Qurrā ila- Kifāḥ Magalat al-Murshid al-Gharrā: this book is composed of two parts published by Shaykh ‘Udda ibn Tunis in the journal of al-Murshid that was widely circulated both in Arabic and French. The number of published articles reached 230 articles discussing different important religious and political issues that occupied the mind of Muslims in the Arab and Islamic world.49

26- Fakk al-‘Iqāl ‘an Tasarruf al-Af‘āl: This book deals with the rules for Arabic grammar and syntax along with the division of verbs and its different functions.50

27- Al-Rawda al-Saniyya fi-l- Maāthir al-‘Alawiyya: This book contains the autobiography of Shaykh al-‘Alawī and his valuable contributions in the realm of Islamic scholarship.51

28- Al-Shahsid wa-l- Fatawî: This book consists of four sections including a number of correspondences and letters from people around the world expressing their gratitude and admiration to the unique character and prestigious position that Shaykh al-‘Alawī enjoyed both in Islamic scholarship and civil work.

29- Al-Durra al-Bahiyya fī- Awrād wa- Sanad al-Tarīqa al-‘Alawiyya: This book contains regiments and litanies taken from Shaykh Muhammad ibn al-Habīb al-Buzaidī written for the wayfarers of the Sufī path to God.52

30- Al-Bahr al-Masjūr fī Tafsīr al-Qurān bī- Maḥḍ al-Nūr: This book contains the exegesis of parts of the Quran in Sufi hermeneutics but unfortunately Shaykh al-‘Alawī died before completing his work on all the chapters of the Quran.53

31- Al-Hulal al-Marḍiyya ‘ala-l-Risāla al-‘Alawiyya: This book is an illustrious voluminous book discussing issues pertinent to theology, juristic rulings and Islamic law. The depth of this book is presented by the significant number of hadith entailed along with the vastness of the commentaries that Shaykh al-‘Alawī included and were written by traditionists and hadith scholars.54

32-Burhān al-Khuṣūṣiyya fi-l- Maāthir al-Buzaydiyya: This is a unique manuscript that remained undiscovered for more than seventy years and the only copy of the book was found by Muhammad Rashid al-Bady who is the manager of al-‘Alawī publishing house. This manuscript was written by Shaykh al-‘Alawī in which he narrates the biography of his own mentor Shaykh al-Buzaidī. He mentioned some of his mentor''s unique traits and fine characteristics along with his long chain of Shaykhs which extends to Prophet Muhammad.55

33- Qawā‘id al-Islam: this book was written in French and was addressed to Muslims who are unable to read Arabic. The book is more of a manual on how to perform prayers with illustrative pictures to help French Muslims to learn how to pray properly.56
34- Wiqāyat al-Dhākirīn min Ghiwāyat al-Ghāfilīn: this book was dedicated to discussing the issue of the invocation of God and the eminent status of the invokers and the rememberers of God. The book is filled with a lot of Quranic references and hadith traditions in support of the prominent position of dhikr among other kinds of worship.57

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