Accueil English pages Articles written The Contemporary Sufi Heritage of Shaykh Ahmad Ibn Mustafa al-‘Alawī : The Seven Spiritual Stages of the Sufi Path - 2-The Spiritual Station of Satisfaction and Submission (al-Rida wa-l- Taslīm)
The Contemporary Sufi Heritage of Shaykh Ahmad Ibn Mustafa al-‘Alawī : The Seven Spiritual Stages of the Sufi Path - 2-The Spiritual Station of Satisfaction and Submission (al-Rida wa-l- Taslīm)
English - Articles written
Écrit par Omneya Nabil Muhammad Ayad   
Jeudi, 22 Mai 2014 00:00
Index de l'article
The Contemporary Sufi Heritage of Shaykh Ahmad Ibn Mustafa al-‘Alawī : The Seven Spiritual Stages of the Sufi Path
Chapter 1 : Introduction
Literature Review
Martin Lings'' Work on Shaykh al-‘Alawī
Thesis purpose
Primary Sources
Historical brief on the French Colonialism in Algeria (1830-1900) and the role of the Sufi orders in Algeria
Brief Biography on Shaykh al-‘Alawī
A comprehensive list of all the written books of Shaykh al-‘Alawī
History of the al-‘Alawī Sufi Order
Chapter Two : The Historical Background of the Sufi Spiritual Stages in Major Works
The History of the Development of the Spiritual Stages in Major Sufi Works
1- The Spiritual Stage of Fear and Vigilant Awareness of God (al-Khashya wa-l- Murāqaba):
2- The Spiritual Station of Satisfaction and Submission (al-Riḍa wa-l- Taslīm)
3- The Spiritual Station of Reliance on God (al-tawakkul)
4- The spiritual station of Poverty (al-Faqr):
5- The spiritual station of Sincerity (al-Ikhlās)
6- The Spiritual Station of Love (Hubb)
7- The Spiritual Station of Oneness (al-Tawhīd)
Chapter 3 : The Sufi Spiritual Stages in the Work of Shaykh al-‘Alawī
1- The Spiritual Stage of Fear and Vigilant Awareness of God (al-Khashya wa-l- Murāqaba)
2-The Spiritual Station of Satisfaction and Submission (al-Rida wa-l- Taslīm)
3-The Spiritual Station of Reliance on God (al-tawakkul)
4-The spiritual station of Poverty (al-Faqr)
5-The spiritual station of Sincerity (Ikhlās)
6-The Spiritual Station of Love (Hubb)
7-The Spiritual Station of Oneness (al Tawhīd)
Conclusion
Bibliography
Notes
Toutes les pages

2-The Spiritual Station of Satisfaction and Submission (al-Rida wa-l- Taslīm)

The next stage in the spiritual quest is the stage of satisfaction and submission or (al-rida) wa-l- taslīm. Sheik Abū Madyan eloquently defined submission to God as letting the self wander in the realm of rulings without feeling pity for it as a result of the pain and the calamities which the self might be subjected to. Shaykh al-‘Alawī added that for the Gnostics submission to divine rulings is mandatory because in all times there are new rulings that are passed whether these rulings are explicit or implicit. Submitting to the divine will of God and His ordained destiny is the habit of the Gnostics because who knows the slave better than his master. If the wayfarer on the other hand felt sorry for himself for what has been destined for him, he undoubtedly accused his Lord of not taking care of His creation and wrongly interfered in His kingdom. This act of sorrow is a serious breach to the oath of servitude and leads the wayfarer out of the realm of submission to God and places him in a direct dispute with Him. 197

Therefore Shaykh al-‘Alawī commented by saying that the wayfarer has to enter the realm of submission to God and leave the house for its constructor, if He wills, He demolishes it and if He wills, He constructs it.198

The spiritual status of submission to God''s divine will leads to the spiritual status of satisfaction al-rida. Shaykh Abū Madyan explained that calamities by nature are hateful to the self. The Gnostics depart from the public in their attitude towards calamities as they enjoy and take pleasure in going through calamities. Shaykh al-‘Alawī added further that the secret behind easing the pain and elevating the brunt of calamity is witnessing the causer of the calamity.199

Shaykh Abū Madyan realized that the path to God is full of calamities which might burn out the wayfarer and lead him astray, for this reason he advised the wayfarer to hold on to patience (al-sabr) in his journey to God. Patience is essential for the wayfarer as it pushes him forward against the continuous wave of afflictions.

Shaykh al-‘Alawī pointed out the vitality of satisfaction with God''s destiny as this will speed up his path. The reason behind the importance of satisfaction in seeking God is that this will lead to His satisfaction with the wayfarer. This mutual satisfaction between God and the wayfarer was echoed by al-Qushairī. So satisfaction with God''s revealed destiny is the power with which wayfarers are able to carry a burden that no mountains can bear.200 This new meaning of satisfaction with God and using it as a power to lead the wayfarer through calamities is a new addition to what Ibn ‘Arabī stated regarding satisfaction with God as he said that it stems out of adab or etiquette.

The true seeker of God does not get deviated by any apparent obstacles and these obstacles reveal the real intentions of the seeker and whether he is sincere in reaching his ultimate destination. Shaykh al-‘Alawī explained that most wayfarers stumble in the path to God because of either lacking a sincere mentor (wali murshid ) to guide the way of the wayfarer or due to a lack of knowledge of the destination ahead.201

The ultimate destination of the wayfarer is reaching God and it includes believing in God as the most apparent al-zāhir in this world that nothing can block his ultimate presence. This leads the wayfarer to witness God in everything as His apparent manifestation leaves its imprints on creation. The Gnostics at this point feel God''s presence closer to them than their jugular vein.202 This fact is clearly stated in the Quran: "and we are closer to him than his jugular vein".203



 
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