Accueil English pages Articles written Shaykh al-Alawî - A kind word in response to those who reject sufism - NOTES
Shaykh al-Alawî - A kind word in response to those who reject sufism - NOTES
English - Articles written
Écrit par Ahmad al-Alawî   
Mercredi, 14 Septembre 1921 13:40
Index de l'article
Shaykh al-Alawî - A kind word in response to those who reject sufism
ABSTRACT
DECLARATION
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
TRANSLATOR’S INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER TWO: THE DEFENSE OF THE SCHOLARS
CHAPTER THREE: PROOF OF SUFISM
CHAPTER FOUR: PERMISSIBILITY OF SPECIFIC PRACTICES OF THE SUFIS
CHAPTER FIVE: PROTECTING THE DOCTRINE
KEYWORDS
GLOSSARY OF ARABIC TERMS
NOTES
REFERENCES
Toutes les pages

 

NOTES


  1. 1 This is an experience that is tasted on a deeply spiritual plane.
  2. 2 This applies to the first generation of Followers (Tābi`īn) who came immediate after the Companions / contemporaries of the holy Prophet Muhammad (blessing and peace be upon him).
  3. 3 I will only be giving the Christian era dates from this point onwards without using c.e.
  4. 4 Al-munqidminal-Dalāl, Deliverancce from Error
  5. 5 This is a term used to refer to the Sunni Muslims in general and are the followers of the perfect example of the Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him)
  6. 6 Stimulation for the Readers
  7. 7 those Sufis who have attained to the Knowledge of Allāh.
  8. 8 Meeting places of the Sufi gatherings
  9. 9 This is the famous authentichadith reported in al-Bukhāri and Muslim.
  10. 10 In the appendix of the edition of one of Shaykhal-`Alawi’s books, which we had reprinted, he acknowledges the ShaykhSidi `Addah as the successor of the Shaykhal-`Alawi.
  11. 11 One who lives within the Divine Presence and attained to the Divine Knowledge of Allāh.
  12. 12 See the following websites Ahmed Ben Mostapha Ben Aliwa dit al-Alawi - Les Amis du Cheikh Ahmed al-Alawi and http://www.uga.edu/islam/sufimorders.html#Shadhili ] for more information on the various offshoots of the Tarīqah `Alāwiyah.
  13. 13 The Divine Gifts
  14. 14 Date of publication is given as 1355 a.h. which we have converted to 1935 c.e.
  15. 15 O n his forbidding of keeping company with the worst of people, on his forbidding accompanying people who make claims, introducing the Shaykh of instruction, on useful knowledge, on dhikr and sitting with the people of dhikr, on fear and watchfulness (murāqabah), on surrender and committing one's affairs to God, on dependence on God, on need and its virtues, on surrender and contentment, on sincerity, on love and longing, on the appearance of tawh ī d and the annihilation of the slaves, on the states of the people after their annihilation, on their sayings after their annihilation, on their actions and their constancy, on obscurity and its virtues. This shows that the Shaykh had a great depth of understanding concerning the spiritual path.
  16. 16 Narrated by Abū Dāwud, Tirmidhī, Ibn Mājah, Ahmad , al-Hākim and Ibn Hibbān in his Sahīh on the authority of Abū Dardā'
  17. 17 This refers to those attached to a Sufi order.
  18. 18 Narrated in Musnad al-Imām Ahmad and by al-h abrānī on the authority of Abū 'Umāmah from his father Sah l ibn Hunayf (the companion)
  19. 19 Narrated in al-Tirmīdhī and Musnad al-Imām Ahmad on the authority of Abū al-Dardā'
  20. 20 Narrated by al-Tirmīdhī and al-Bayhaqī in his Sunan.
  21. 21 The Arabic word is dhākirūn. It can either be translated as invoker or rememberer of God. I have chosen the former
  22. 22 These are people who have arrived to the Knowledge of Allāh (Sufis).
  23. 23 The Sunnah
  24. 24 Narrated in al-Bukharī and Musnad al-Imām Ahmad with slight differences in wording
  25. 25 His name is Ibrahim ibn Al-Laqqāni
  26. 26 Narrated by al-Bayhaqī in Shu`ab al-'Īmān on the authority of AbūDharr
  27. 27 Narrated in Musnad al-'Imām Ahmad , al-Quāī and al-h ilyah by Abū Nu`aym on the authority of Abū Hurayrah.
  28. 28 A similarh adīth is narrate by al-Bayhaqī in his book Shu`ab al-'Īmān (Branches of Faith)
  29. 29 Musnad al-Imām Ahmad and al-Tabrānī
  30. 30 Narrated by al- Bukhārī and Muslim and others
  31. 31 Narrated by al- Bukhārī and Muslim
  32. 32 Narrated by al-Dārqutnī in al-Afrād, by al-Tabrānī in al-Kabīr and by al-Khatīb in al-Tārīkh on the authority of both Abū Hurayrah and Abū al-Dardā
  33. 33 Ascribing partners with Allāh
  34. 34 Narrated by al-Tabrānī on the authority of Ibn `Abbās and in Musnad al-Imām Ahmad on the authority of Jarīr ibn `Abdullah ibn Jābir, al-Bukhāri, Muslim, Tirmidhi and Abū Dāwūd narrate it with a slight difference in wording.
  35. 35 ImāmAhmad narrated this first part in his Musnad with a sound chain
  36. 36 Narrated by Ibn Abdul Barr on the authority of Anas with a weak chain. The second part is narrated by Al-Tabrānī also with a weak chain of narrators. The above verdicts are taken from al-`Ajlūni in his encyclopedia on popular narrations titled Kashf al-Iltibās.
  37. 37 The literal translation is 'the truthful ones'. However here it refers to the `arifūn according to Ibn `Ajibah in his tafsir of surah 4: 69 . This is taken from Ibn Ajibah book al-Bahr al-madid fi tafsir al-majid.
  38. 38 This refers to the spiritual guides in Sufism (Murshid)
  39. 39 Referring to the Prophetic narration, ‘the best of you are those who are from my time, then those who follow them, then those who follow them’. Narrated by al- Bukhārī, Muslim, Abū Dāwūd, al-Timidhi and Al-Nasā-i on the authority of `Imrān ibn Husayn.
  40. 40 This refers to Muslims in general.
  41. 41 He wrote an introductory text on Arabic morphology or word construction. His name is `Izzudīn Ibrahim ibn `Abdul Wahab. He died after the year 655 hijri (notes from Kashf al-Thunun under the topic of sarf).
  42. 42 Introductory text on Arabic grammar.
  43. 43 This text is an injunction of the Prophet Muhammad (blessings and peace be upon him) as related by al- Bukhārī on the authority if Abū Hurayrah.
  44. 44 Narrated by al-Khatib in his Tarikh on the authority of Zayd Ibn Arqam (Kanz al-Ummaal).
  45. 45 Narrated by al- Bukhārī and Muslim
  46. 46 Narrated by Muslim, Tirmidhi,Abū Dāwūd, al-Nasā-i and others
  47. 47 He is Muh ammad ibn `Àrafah al-Dussuqi al-Māliki (d 1230 hijri /1815 c.e). One of the great Maliki scholars of his time. He wrote ah ashiyah supercommentary on the commentary of Ahmad Dirdir al-`Adawi on the Mukhtar al-Khalil.
  48. 48 This is an obligation, which is binding on all members of the Muslim community, but if some do it then the rest are absolved from it.
  49. 49 An Arabic expression for the two articles of faith; La ilaha illa Allāh and Muh ammad Rasul Allāh .
  50. 50 Narrated by Muslim , Abū Dāwūd and others.
  51. 51 Meaning his [Makki’s] real intent has been exposed.
  52. 52 An author who wrote a treatise on Bidàh (innovation)
  53. 53 The adherents to the Sufi paths.
  54. 54 Al-Karāhah (disapproval) refers to the jurists definition of a deed which is considered disliked by the lawgiver even though it is permissible.
  55. 55 Those who followed the pure doctrine of what Islam as brought by the Prophet and also carried on by the pious predecesors
  56. 56 People who have met the companions of the Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him)
  57. 57 There is no deity save Allāh
  58. 58 Refers to a method of learning by repetition; rote-learning.
  59. 59 Imām Ahmad in his Musnad has also narrated this Prophetic narration.
  60. 60 Unfortunately ‘shaqiyyī ‘ also means the one who is lost, i.e. they will gain the Divine satisfaction (ridā)
  61. 61 Narrated by Imām al-Bukharī and others
  62. 62 Narated by Ibn Mājah
  63. 63 He is Ibrahim ibn Mar`i ibn `Atiyyah as-Shabrakhiti the Egyptian and Maliki scholar. He died 1106 hijri. One of the foremost scholars of Egypt in his time. He studied under Shaykh Al-Ajhūri. He wrote a momentous commentary on the mukhtasr al-khalil [the standard Maliki text on fiqh] and a commentary on the forty Prophetic narrations of al-Nawawi as well as other works. al-Dussūqi included excerpts of al-Shabrakhiti's comments in his super-commentary of mukhtasr al-khalil.
  64. 64 Abdurrahman ibn Abū Bakr al-Suyuti al-Shāfi was the foremost scholar of his time and a prolific writer. His is the author of over 500 books in almost all sciences. He spent the last two decades of his life in seclusion busing himself with studying and writing. He died 911 hijri.
  65. 65 Muh ammad ibn Ya`qub ibn Muh ammad Al-Fayruzābādi , Abū al-Tahir. Born in 729 ah in Kāzrun. He studied the Arabic language intensely until he became the best of his contemporaries. He went to Sham after 750 ah and many students came to study under him. He traveled to various Muslim cities. He was appointed the chief judge in Yemen.
  66. 66 The full name of the book is Tuhfah Ahl Al-Futūhāt wal-Adhwāq whose author is al-Bunāni.
  67. 67 Prophetic narration from al-Bukhāri and Muslim.
  68. 68 The Prophet (blessings and peace be upon him) said, I am in accordance to the opinion that my slave has of me.
  69. 69 Ùmar ibn-Farid
  70. 70 In reference to Prophet Ibrahim
  71. 71 A more complete meaning of the term (wajl) would be to describe it as a state resulting from extreme consciousness of God, where the subject is fearfully wery of the Divine Presence.
  72. 72 This term probably refers to a state of physical death. This might also refer to swooning.
  73. 73 Dhawq is normally referred to by the Sufis as a spiritual experience.
  74. 74 This means if you do not use it constructively it passes you by and you lose the opportunities it afforded. Perhaps a similar English idiom refers ‘Procrastination is the thief of time
  75. 75 The reality here refers to the Knowledge of God.
  76. 76 This is the text quoted by Ibn Ajiba in his commentary on 'al-Mabahith Asliyyah'.
  77. 77 This is what is referred to as the sacred dance of the Sufis.

 



 
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